Kenya support multilateralism through the Commonwealth, a voluntary association of 54 independent states, comprising about one quarter of the world population. Members of the Commonwealth, mainly former British colonies, dependencies and other territories, subscribe to the ideals of the Declaration of Commonwealth principles of 1971.
The primary focus for the Commonwealth is the advancement of development interest of member countries. Technical assistance to Commonwealth developing countries like Kenya is a vital component of this co-operation.
Kenya and the African Union (AU)
Kenya subscribes to the charter of AU and has been an active member since joining in 1964. President Daniel Arap Moi was elected as Chairman of the Organization in 1991 and served for an un-precedented two-year term. Since then, Kenya has remained at the forefront of regional conflict resolution initiatives in Africa notably in Sudan and Somalia.
Kenya has also actively participated in the transformation of OAU to the AU and former President Moi was among the Heads of State and Government who attended the inauguration in July 2002 Durban, South Africa.
Kenya under Africa-India Group
Kenya actively participates in all activites involving the African Continent's relation with India. The Africa-India Cooperation Framework is anchored under the Delhi Declaration (2008) in which the Framework of Cooperation and the associated Plan of Action between the African Continent, the African Union (AU), its institutions and India were agreed upon.
The cooperation recognizes the long existing Africa and India fraternal partnership in the struggle for independence and self determination. The partnership is based on fundamental Principles of Equality, mutual respect, mutual benefit and the historical understanding between African and Indian peoples. Africa-India Cooperation is a true manifestation of the South-South Cooperation.
The Africa-India partnership has resulted in increased economic engagement between India and Africa as attested by increased trade volumes, investements by Indian companies in Africa, human resource development and infrastructure development. Africa-India partnership is also evident in the various WTO Round of negotiations as both reiterate the core Principles of Special and Differential (S&D) Treatment and obtaining more preferential treatment for all Less Developed Countries (LDCs).
The Africa-India cooperation Framework is based on cooperation in the following areas:
Science, Technology, Research and Development
Social development and Capacity Building
Health, Culture and Sports Cooperation
Infrastructure, Energy and Environmental Protection
Africa-China relations can be traced to about 14 Century during the journeys of Ibn Battutta, the Moroccan scholar and traveler to parts of China and the Ming Dynasty voyages and fleets that rounded the coast of Somalia and followed the coastal strip up to the Mozambican coastal areas.
The Modern political and economic relations between Africa and China started after Mao Zedong, the first leader of the Chinese Communist Party after it took over power. The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) was established in October 2000 as an official forum to strengthen the Africa-China relationship. Since its inception, there has been 4 FOCAC Summits held, the first one in 2000 (Beijing), 2003 (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia), 2006 (Beijing), 2009 (Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt). The next summit will be held in Beijing later this year (2012).
The Africa-China solidarity and cooperation constitutes an important part of China's diplomacy. Africa-China relations continue to adhere to the Principle of sincerity, friendliness, equality, mutual benefit, solidarity, cooperation and common development in developing Sino-African ties.The Africa-China ties are also anchored on listening to the continent's voice and problems, respecting the continent’s opinions, accommodate its concerns, protect peace, stability and development in Africa, and support Africa's independent settlement of issues in its own region.
China continues to be the largest player in terms of trade volumes and investment in Africa. The China-Africa trade volume and investments reached US$ 122.2 Billion in the first three quarters of 2011, thus attaining a year-on-year growth of 30 percent. It is also estimated that over 750, 000 Chinese people live in different countries of the African Continent. For more information...
Kenya and G77& China
Kenya as a member, actively participates in all activities of the Group of 77 (G-77) and China. The Group of 77 (G-77) was established on 15th June 1964 by seventy-seven developing countries signatories of the “Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Countries” issued at the end of the first session of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in Geneva.
Beginning with the first “Ministerial Meeting of the Group of 77 in Algiers (Algeria) on 10th to 25th October 1967, which adopted the Charter of Algiers”, a Permanent institutional structure gradually developed which led to the creation of Chapters of the Group of 77 with Liaison offices in Geneva (UNCTAD), Nairobi (UNEP), Paris (UNESCO), Rome(FAO/IFAD), Vienna(UNIDO), and the Group of 24 (G-24) in Washington, D.C. (IMF and World Bank).
Although the Members of the G-77 have increased to 131 countries, the original name has been retained due to its historic significance.
The Aims of G-77
The Group of 77 is the single largest intergovernmental organization of Developing countries in the United Nations, which provides the means for the countries of the South to articulate and promote their collective economic interests and enhance their joint negotiating capacity on all major international economic issues within the United Nations system, and promote South-South Cooperation for development.
Kenya became a Member of the United Nations after attaining independence in December 1963. It was a giant step in the exercise of independence and sovereignty in the arena of the Community of Nations. Kenya is committed to the noble course of the United Nations. The country is fully engaged in follow-up, discussions and implementation of the outcome of major United Nations conferences and summits and other internationally agreed development goals including Millennium Development Goals.
For more information please visit the Kenya's Permanent Mission to the United Nations here...
To attain its set goals and interests in Foreign Policy, Kenya continues to seek effective strategies in its approach to foreign policy. The desire to promote economic development will influence Kenya’s approach to Foreign Policy while maintaining its traditional core principles and norms of non-alignment, non-interference in internal affairs of other states, good neighbourlines, peaceful settlement of disputes and adherence to the character of the UN and African Union. For more information please visit www.mfa.go.ke